Areas of Interest
My research and writing over the past years have focused on women's mental health and relationships with a specific focus on (1) sexual orientation, (2) the stigma of weight and (3) academic procrastination. Some publications from these three research areas are listed below, in alphabetical order by title. If you click on the title, the pdf version of the publication will appear.
If you click on my attached c.v., all publications co-authored with students have asterisks next to the students' names. You can also see a list of books I have edited on the BOOKS site.
My research has focused on methodological issues, including factors unique to lesbians as well as ways that gender and sexual orientation intersect. I like to do projects that compare lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (LGBs) to their heterosexual siblings. There has been little research on sexual orientation that uses appropriate comparison groups, and I began this methodology in order to study the feasibility of using siblings for demographic and mental health comparisons.
An ongoing project compares lesbian and gay couples who were united in a civil union during the first year this legislation was available in Vermont (July 2000 to July 2001) with their same-sex friends who did not have civil unions, and with their married heterosexual siblings. Our research team focused on demographic and relationship information, presence of children, social support from friends and family, and gender roles (e.g., division of housework and finances).
Our research team also compared same-sex couples who in 2004 were either married in Massachusetts, had domestic partnerships in California, or had civil unions in Vermont.
I am also interested in ways that lesbians connect with each other in non-sexual ways. I have published an edited book on lesbian ex-lovers and an edited book on lesbian communities, and investigated ways that lesbians, bisexual women, and heterosexual sisters define their communities.
I am editor of the Journal of Lesbian Studies.
Click on the links below for pdf versions of my publications on sexual orientation:
Adult Children of Same-Sex and Heterosexual Couples: Demographic “Thriving”
Avoiding heterosexual bias in language.
"Boston Marriage" among Lesbians: Are We a Couple If We Aren't Having Sex?
The Boston Marriage today: Romantic but asexual relationships among lesbians.
Brothers and Sisters of Lesbians, Gay Men, and Bisexuals as a Demographic Comparison Group: An Innovative Research Methodology to Examine Social Change
Commentary: Lesbians Should Take the Lead in Removing the Stigma That Has Long Been Associated With Body Weight
Commentary on "Sexuality and the mid-life woman”
Comments on "Lesbians' Sexual Activities and Efforts to Reduce Risks for Sexually Transmitted Diseases"
Comparison of Same-Sex Couples Who Were Married in Massachusetts, Had Domestic Partnerships in California, or Had Civil Unions in Vermont
The complexity of Butch and Femme among sexual minority women in the 21st century
Depression Among Lesbians: An Invisible and Unresearched Phenomenon
Expanding the Research Infrastructure for Lesbian Health
Exploring gender identity and community among three groups of transgender individuals in the United States: MTFs, FTMs, and genderqueers
Finding a Large and Thriving Lesbian and Bisexual Community: The Costs and Benefits of Caring
Finding a "Word for Myself": Themes in Lesbian Coming-Out Stories
From Invert to Intersectionality: Understanding the Past and Future of Sexuality
From Science Fiction to Computer-Generated Technology: Sampling Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Individuals
Gay and lesbian issues.
The Geography of Civil Union Households
Heterosexual, Lesbian, and Gay Male Relationships: A Comparison of Couples in 1975 and 2000
How Did You Hear About the Study? Or, How to Reach Lesbian and Bisexual Women of Diverse Ages, Ethnicity, and Educational Attainment for Research Projects
“I Have Never Slept with a Man, and There Is No Star Rising in the East”: Lesbians, Bisexual Women, and Pregnancy Before Insemination
"I Only Read About myself on Bathroom Walls": The Need for Research on the Mental Health of Lesbians and Gay Men
Impact of Civil Marriage Recognition for Long-Term Same-Sex Couples
Improving the accuracy of identifying lesbians for telephone surveys about health
Introduction to the Special Section of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Introduction to the Special Section: Mental health of lesbians and gay men
Key researcher: Esther Rothblum
Lesbian and Bisexual Mothers and Nonmothers: Demographics and the Coming-Out Process
Lesbian Baby Boomers at Midlife
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Siblings
Lesbian, gay male, bisexual, and heterosexual siblings: Discrepancies in income and education in three US samples
Lesbian Sex at Menopause: as Good as or Better Than Ever
Lesbians and Their Sisters as a Control Group: Demographic and Mental Health Factors
Lesbians in Academia
A Little Bit Pregnant? The Ethics of Same-Sex Marriage
The Longest "Legal" U.S. Same-Sex Couples Reflect on Their Relationships
Mars to Venus or Earth to Earth? How Do Families of Origin Fit into GLBTQ Lives?
Mental Health Impact of Child Sexual Abuse, Rape, Intimate Partner Violence, and Hate Crimes in the National Lesbian Health Care Survey
Mental Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Siblings: Effects of Gender, Sexual Orientation, and Family
A Model of Predictors and Outcomes of Outness Among Lesbian and Bisexual Women
Money, Housework, Sex, and Conflict: Same-Sex Couples in Civil Unions, Those Not in Civil Unions, and Heterosexual Married Siblings
Narratives of Same-Sex Couples Who Had Civil Unions in Vermont: The Impact of Legalizing Relationships on Couples and on Social Policy
National Lesbian Health Care Survey: Implications for Mental Health Care
“Out”standing in Her Field: Looking Back at Celia Kitzinger’s Social Construction of Lesbianism.
An Overview of Same-Sex Couples in Relation Ships: A Research Area Still at Sea
Pioneers in Partnership: Lesbian and Gay Male Couples in Civil Unions Compared With Those Not in Civil Unions and Manied Heterosexual Siblings
Relationship Satisfaction, Affectivity and Gay-Specific Stressors in Same-Sex Couples Joined in Civil Unions
Removing the Stigma- Fifteen Years of Progress
Same-sex Couples’ Decisions and Experiences of Marriage in the Context of Minority Stress
Same-sex couples in civil unions compared with same-sex couples not in civil unions and heterosexual siblings: An overview
Same-Sex Marriage and Legalized Relationships: I Do, or Do I?
“The Secret of Our Success”: Long-term Same- Sex Couples' Perceptions of Their Relationship Longevity
Sexual Orientation and Sex in Women's Lives: Conceptual and Methodological Issues
Siblings and Sexual Orientation: Products of Alternative Families or the Ones Who Got Away?
Social and Demographic Characlerislics of Gay, Lesbian, and Helerosexual Adults with and Without Children
"Somewhere in Des Moines or San Antonio": Historical Perspectives on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Mental Health
A Study of Transgender Adults and Their Non-Transgender Siblings on Demographic Characteristics, Social Support, and Experiences of Violence
Teaching Lesbian Studies
Three-Year Follow-Up of Same-Sex Couples Who Had Civil Unions in Vermont, Same-Sex Couples Not in Civil Unions, and Heterosexual Married Couples
Transforming Lesbian Sexuality
Victimization Over the Life span: A Comparison of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Heterosexual Siblings
We may be your worst nightmare, but we are also your future: The role of a Psychology of Lesbianism Section in the British Psychological Association.
When Lesbians Aren't Gay: Factors Affecting Depression Among Lesbians
Where is the ‘Women’s Community?’ Voices of Lesbian, Bisexual, and Queer Women and Heterosexual Sisters
Who Fills Out a "Lesbian" Questionnaire?
"Will the Real Lesbian Couple Please Stand Up?" Lesbian Relationships
Windsor and Perry: Reactions of Siblings in Same-Sex and Heterosexual Couples
Weight and Stigma
I have conducted research on weight and employment discrimination,
women’s weight in an international context, and the ways
in which fat women cope with the stigma of weight.
Click on the links below for pdf versions of my publications on weight and stigma:
Commentary: Lesbians Should Take the Lead in Removing the Stigma That Has Long Been Associated With Body Weight
A Comparison of Lesbians, Gay Men, and Heterosexuals on Weight and Restrained Eating
A Comparison Study of United States and African Students on Perceptions of Obesity and Thinness
Beauty Mandates and the Appearance Obsession: Are Lesbians Any Better Off?
Compensating for Stigma: Obese and Nonobese Women's Reactions to Being Visible
Contradictions and Confounds in Coverage of Obesity: Psychology Journals, Textbooks, and the Media
Coping with Prejudice and Discrimination Based on Weight
Diversity and Size Acceptance: Lessons from the Lesbian Experience
Do Obese Women Have Poorer Social Relationships Than Nonobese Women? Reports by Self, Friends, and Coworkers
Effects of Clients' Obesity and Gender on the Therapy Judgments of Psychologists
Gay and Lesbian Body Images
Gender Differences in Internal Beliefs About Weight and Negative Attitudes Towards Self and Others
Gender Differences in Social Consequences of Perceived Overweight in the United States and Australia
"I'll Die for the Revolution but Don't Ask Me Not to Diet": Feminism and the Continuing Stigmatization of Obesity
Is Fat a Feminist Issue? Exploring the Gendered Nature of Weight Bias
Lesbians and Physical Appearance: Which Model Applies?
Outcomes of Weight-Loss Programs
The Relationship between Obesity, Employment, Discrimination, and Employment-Related Victimization
The Relationship of Body Image, Feminism and Sexual Orientation in College Women
Results of the NAAFA Survey on Employment Discrimination
Social interactions of obese and nonobese women.
Stereotypes of Obese Female Job Applicants
The Stigma of Women's Weight- Social and Economic Realities
We agree: Fat IS a feminist issue! Response to Commentators
Weapons of Mass Distraction
Weight Bias in Employment
Women and Weight: An International Perspective
Women and Weight: Fad and Fiction
A former research area of mine focused on academic procrastination, fear of failure, and risk-taking. I am still receiving many reprint requests for this research.
Click here for a copy of the PASS (Procrastination Assessment Scale for Students)
Click here for PASS scoring instructions
Click on the links below for pdf versions of my publications on these topics:
Academic Procrastination Frequency and Cognitive-Behavioral Correlates
Affective, Cognitive, and Behavioral Differences Between High and Low Procrastinators
Fear of Failure: The Psychodynamic, Need Achievement, Fear of Success, and Procrastination Models
Ivy Halls and Glass Walls: Barriers to Academic Careers for Women and Ethnic Minorities
Leaving the Ivory Tower: Factors Contributing to Women's Voluntary Resignation from Academia
Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students (Pass)
Procrastination Assessment Scale- Students
Psychological Antecedents of Student Procrastination
Psychological Factors in the Antarctic
Women in the Antarctic- Risk-Taking and Social Consequences
Assorted Other Publications
Corporate managers' reactions to assertive social skills exhibited by males and females.
Depression among women in medicine. Special Issue on Women in Medicine.
Elevation of conversational voice volume in young developmentally disabled children via a shaping procedure.
Feminist approaches to therapy with depressed women: A discussion.
Hallucinatory-delusional verbalizations: Modification in a chronic schizophrenic by self-control and cognitive restructuring.
Issues in clinical trials with the depressed elderly.
The medical model.
More on reporting sex differences. Commentary.
Selecting psychotherapists to participate in psychotherapy outcome studies: Relationship between psychotherapist characteristics and assessment of clinical skills.
A self-control therapy group for depressed women.
Self-disclosure among adolescents in relation to parental affection and control patterns.
Sex bias in behavioral journals?
Social Skills Problems Experienced by Women
A sociopolitical perspective of DSM-III.
Spouse adjustment to spinal cord injury: Long-term medical and psychosocial factors.
Strategies for dealing with sex role stereotypes.
Stress, coping, and social support in women.
Teacher popularity and contrast effects in a classroom token economy.
Use of a Structured Diagnostic Interview to Identify Bipolar Disorder in Adolescent Inpatients
Use of Online Surveys for Undergraduate Psychology of Women Courses